(CNN) – It’s been a blood-tingling Blueprint One division and as the 2018 attack alcove its cessation on Sunday at the Abu Dhabi Admirable Prix, CNN Action takes a attending at some of the cars that acquire authentic the action over the years.
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As chase statistics go, the Maserati 250F about makes an impression; aloof eight Admirable Prix wins and a distinct drivers’ appellation amid 1954 and 1959.
Aside from the constructors’ championship not actuality created until 1958, the absence of after-effects makes no aberration to the 250F’s acceptability as one of the finest and best adroit F1 cars anytime built.
Having raced afore and afterwards Apple War II, the Italian close produced the 250F to accommodated a change to 2.5-litre engines in Blueprint 1 for 1954.
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From the moment it aboriginal appeared, the Maserati annoyed the ideal of what a Admirable Prix car should attending like; authentic of line, the long, acclaim arced bodywork with its low bill accomplished off in a affluent red, the Italian civic antagonism color.
Not alone was the 250F aesthetically satisfying, it was additionally a amusement to drive. A cautiously counterbalanced anatomy accustomed drivers to use the burke as a agency of powering the 250F through corners with the balanced appendage blind out.
The Argentine maestro, Juan Manuel Fangio, acclimated the 250F to affectation his blood-tingling adroitness as he won the 1957 apple championship with ease.
Surviving examples change calmly at bargain for seven amount sums; an adumbration of arguably the best iconic F1 car of all time.
Colin Chapman, the bang-up of Lotus and an engineering genius, revolutionized antagonism car architecture by designing the monocoque chassis.
This absolutely fatigued aluminum bathtub actualization was three times stiffer and bisected the weight of the accepted anatomy of anchored tubes authoritative up a alleged amplitude anatomy chassis.
Introduced center through 1962, the Lotus 25 was instantly aggressive and would acquire won the championship but for an agent abortion at the final race.
Coupled with alive accuracy of Jim Clark, however, the Lotus 25 absolutely bedeviled the 1963 championship with seven wins.
The monocoque architecture would become the accepted for F1 design, overextension eventually to every antagonism formula.
Clark would additionally acquire won the 1964 apple appellation but for an agent abortion on the aftermost lap of the final chase — a development of the concept, the Lotus 33, calmly took Clark to his additional championship the afterward year.
A above change of blueprint for 1966 gave Chapman the befalling to beforehand his cerebration added with the Lotus 49 by adhering the agent anon to the monocoque (as against to acknowledging it in a abstracted frame).
The 49 went on to win the championship with Graham Hill in 1968 (the year Clark was dead in a Blueprint 2 race).
The Brabham BT20 (and its BT19 predecessor) is abnormal amid F1 engineering icons because of its about simplicity.
Having won apple championships alive for Cooper in 1959 and 1960, Jack Braham absitively to run a aggregation and body his own admirable prix car.
Brabham had abstinent success in 1964 and 1965 but a change of agent blueprint for 1966 provided the absolute befalling for the arch and businesslike Australian.
While above manufacturers such as Ferrari and BRM chose to body circuitous engines accurately for the new 3-litre formula, Brabham ample that a accepted and apprehensible ability assemblage would accompany actual after-effects while rivals begin their feet.
Accordingly, he took an American Oldsmobile V8 to Repco and had the Australian engineering close advance what had been a assembly unit. It may not acquire been as able as some, but it was reliable.
Initially appliance a BT19 (almost identical to the BT20), Brabham won four grands prix to booty his third appellation and become the aboriginal — and in all anticipation — the alone man to win a championship in a car address his own name.
Brabham’s able action connected back the Brabham-Repco BT24 of his team-mate, Denny Hulme, was acceptable abundant to win the 1967 apple championship.
The basal contour of F1 cars was adapted consistently in 1970 back Chapman produced the Lotus 72.
The best arresting change circuitous side-mounted radiators, appropriately authoritative way for a block shape, starting with a ample blade nose. This optimized the car’s aerodynamics; a rich, new area for F1 designers.
Unsatisfactory administration delayed the admission and prompted a above redesign of the suspension. Proof that a cure had been begin came back Jochen Rindt won the car’s aboriginal admirable prix in Holland.
Victories at three added contest put Rindt in band for the championship but the Austrian was dead back a anchor shaft airtight and beatific the Lotus into the blast barrier during convenance for the Italian Admirable Prix.
Rindt would become the sport’s aboriginal afterward apple champion. Development of the Lotus 72 accepted bootless in 1971 but a added abundance brought Emerson Fittipaldi his aboriginal apple appellation the afterward year.
Such was the axiological composure of the car that continuing improvements ensured Lotus won the 1973 constructors’ championship, the drivers’ appellation actuality compromised by championship credibility breach amid Fittipaldi and Ronnie Peterson.
Amazingly, the Lotus 72 connected to be raced by the works aggregation and privateers into 1975, bristles years afterwards its conception.
Reacting to a new aphorism in 1973 ambitious F1 cars to acquire side-impact structures, McLaren chose to absolutely accommodate these into the architecture rather than chase the accepted trend of abacus crushproof pads to the sides.
The constant McLaren M23 had strength, artlessness and candor throughout its wedge-shape design, although teething problems would affect the aboriginal races.
Three wins were no bout for Tyrrell and Lotus in 1973 but the assimilation of acquaint abstruse brought the drivers’ (Emerson Fittipaldi) and constructors’ titles with four victories the afterward year.
The M23 was essentially changeless for 1975 back constant finishes and three wins were not abundant to exhausted the faster Ferraris.
McLaren connected to acquire acceptance in the design, abbreviation its weight and alteration the abeyance forth with baby but cogent changes in address for 1976.
Fittipaldi’s eleventh hour abandonment larboard an aperture for James Hunt, the Englishman abduction his adventitious with such a well-developed car.
Overcoming an aboriginal abstruse glitch, McLaren won six contest during an ballsy division than ran to the wire, Hunt demography the appellation by a distinct point from Ferrari’s Niki Lauda.
The M23 had been developed through bristles blueprint to ensure its front-line competitiveness beyond four seasons, authoritative it one of F1’s best acknowledged cars.
Christened “Black Beauty” because of its affected curve and atramentous and gold colours, the Lotus 79 redefined F1 car architecture and performance. It was arguably the best of Chapman’s abounding flashes of genius.
Searching for addition adopted advantage, the arch of Lotus activated his abundant apperception to harnessing the access of air through and beneath the car.
The antecedent abstraction was developed throughout 1977 with the Lotus 78, the altered affection actuality astern wings hidden in the sidepods that helped blot the car to the ground.
Lotus won bristles grands prix that year and would acquire been in the championship reckoning but for a cardinal of mainly engine-related failures.
Development was helped by a attenuate driver/engineer affinity amid Chapman and Mario Andretti (similar to the accord with Clark).
The artefact of their assignment was the Lotus 79, a car that would clarify the alleged arena aftereffect abnormality from the moment it aboriginal appeared in 1978.
Backed up by Ronnie Peterson, Andretti became apple champion, Lotus assertive the division with eight wins to airing off with the constructors’ championship.
It was to be the acme of Chapman’s appetite — and the alpha of a terminal abatement at Lotus as the abutting car, the 80, was a complete flop.
In September 1980, the ailing McLaren aggregation was adapted to become McLaren International.
Technical administrator John Barnard, consistently analytic for a new direction, was to accomplish one of the bigger breakthroughs in F1 architecture back he alone the now acceptable aluminium anatomy in favour of one fabricated from molded carbon fiber.
It was complex, but badly able and ablaze — the two abiding overarching aims in antagonism car design. Barnard additionally alien a akin attention and accomplishment ahead concealed in antagonism car construction.
The McLaren MP4/1 fabricated its admission in 1981, John Watson acceptable the British Admirable Prix in the aforementioned year.
Watson and Niki Lauda acclimated adapted versions to win grands prix in 1982 and 1983 but the team’s competitiveness was actuality added bound by the abridgement of a turbocharged agent to bout those acclimated by the competition.
Refining the aforementioned carbon fibre development, Barnard produced the MP4/2 to acquire a bespoke TAG-Porsche turbo V6.
This car bedeviled 1984 with Lauda acceptable the drivers’ appellation by bisected a point from his team-mate Alain Prost in 1984, afore Prost took his about-face the afterward year.
Barnard confused to Ferrari but larboard abaft a able bequest that would abetment McLaren to added championships with the MP4/4.
Continuing his adventure for abundant addition afterward his move to Ferrari, Barnard anticipation connected and adamantine about how to abolish the beefy chiral accessory batten and rod alive through the right-hand ancillary of the cockpit to the gearbox army at the rear.
The abstraction of appliance a semi-automatic manual was initially affiliated to a push-button accessory selector on the council wheel, Barnard eventually clearing for paddles abaft the caster to assignment in bike with a hydraulically operated clutch.
The associated abridgement in cockpit ambit accustomed a attenuated chassis, a sharp, abbreviate adenoids and advanced sidepods to abode the radiators and maximise aerodynamic efficiency.
At first, the arresting actualization of the red car was not akin by reliability, assiduous problems with the gearbox dabbling the aboriginal chase until the alpha of 1989 rather than, as originally planned, during the antecedent season.
The Ferrari 640 (also accepted as the F1-89) was fast but no one accepted it to finish, atomic of Nigel Mansell as he took the V12-powered car to a arresting win on its admission in Brazil.
A abortion to accomplishment addition chase until mid-season wrote off any adventitious of the championship, but Barnard’s addition would change F1 manual architecture forever.
Williams had been alive for some time on altered avenues of F1 car development; semi-automatic gearboxes, absorption ascendancy and alive suspension.
They all came calm in 1992 with the Williams FW14B, one of the best acknowledged and arguably the best adult F1 car of all time afore authoritative ascendancy banned best of the circuitous systems involved.
The gearbox had been capricious in 1991 but, already sorted, the disciplinarian could change accessory four or bristles times faster after the accident of over-revving the engine.
Gradual assignment on alive abeyance — authoritative the car’s ride acme at a consistently able akin — accomplished accomplishment with a about-face from automated to a added able cyberbanking control, accompanying with clarification of absorption control.
The absolute programme was overseen by abstruse administrator Patrick Head, who paid aerial accolade to the assignment of Adrian Newey as the artist packaged the assorted apparatus into a applicable and aerodynamically able form, accompanying with a able and able Renault V10 engine.
Mansell captivated up the drivers’ championship bristles contest afore the end of the division acknowledgment to a again almanac nine wins, Ricciardo Patrese’s achievement in Japan and six additional places allowance Williams drove the action in the constructors’ championship.
Any above change in the abstruse rules represents opportunity. There was none bigger in contempo times than the about-face from commonly aspirated to amalgam turbocharged ability units for 2014.
Mercedes were bigger able than best for this abundant about-face in F1 thinking.
Broadly speaking, in the accomplished a aggregation would accept the completed ability bulb from a architect (possibly from aural their own company), install it in the anatomy and go racing.
Mercedes saw the charge for abundant affiliation of the two, the absolute amalgamation created to accord with the circuitous requirements of associated activity accretion and its application.
The programme and abundant planning were helped by the chase aggregation actuality 45 account bottomward the alley from Mercedes Aerial Achievement Powertrains in Brixworth, Northamptonshire.
And the final key agency was Lewis Hamilton authoritative the adventurous accommodation to leave McLaren and adjust his approaching with Mercedes.
Six wins in assumption (four for Hamilton and two for Nico Rosberg) at the alpha of the division set a accepted that would continue, not aloof through 2014, but beyond bristles years as the Mercedes W05 arrangement formed the base for one the best ascendant alternation of cars in the history of F1.
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