The Toyota Supra is one of Japan’s best allegorical achievement cars. A able-bodied six-cylinder sports coupé that debuted in 1978, the aftermost Supra formed off the assembly band in 2002 afterwards 593,337 had been made.
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Proving that activity begins at 40, Toyota is about to reinvent one of its best admired cars, and the aboriginal affiliate in the new Supra’s adventure will be arise in abounding at the 2019 Detroit Auto Show. You can alike now abode an adjustment for one in the UK if you’re absolutely keen.
Join us as we say Konnichiwa to four antecedent ancestors of Toyota’s cool Supra.
The aboriginal apotheosis of Toyota’s ultimate sports coupé was absolutely a added able adaptation of the abate Celica. Aboriginal alleged Celica XX, and powered by a 2.0-litre six-cylinder engine, the XX was launched in 1978. The Supra cast would access a year later.
The Celica XX hit the US in 1979, and was christened Celica Supra to abstain a allotment affray with a cast of beer. The fable was born. Agent admeasurement grew to 2.6 litres, but ability was aloof 110hp. With a 0-60mph time of 10.2 seconds, it was a little added baggy than super, and absolutely not an complete sports car.
The aboriginal Celica Supra connected for addition two years, aimed at the affluence end of the coupé market. Its bland straight-six engines and high-end accouterment provided Toyota with a admirable tourer to booty on Datsun’s accustomed ambit of Z-cars.
July 1981 saw the accession of the second-generation Celica Supra (still christened Celica XX in Japan). Added angular than its predecessor, the new car was the aforementioned as the third-generation Celica from the B-pillar backwards.
As before, though, the Supra’s best advanced end accustomed Toyota to bead in six-cylinder engines, including its new 145hp, 2.8-litre 5M-GE unit. A five-speed manual was standard. Contemporary Celicas, meanwhile, still had two beneath cylinders.
Independent rear suspension, flared wheelarches and pop-up headlights gave an air of supremacy over the first-generation Supra, while ‘Performance Type’ (P-Type) and ‘Luxury Type’ (L-Type) models offered differing levels of equipment.
The Supra accustomed in Europe in August 1982 and Toyota alone brought 100 cars per ages to the UK. Priced aloof aloft entry-level Porsche 924s, the Japanese car aggregate the German model’s front-engine, rear-wheel-drive ‘transaxle’ layout.
The additional bearing of Toyota’s big sports coupé additionally enjoyed success in the British Saloon Car Championship and Ulster Rally, campaigned by motorsport stars such as Win Percy, Barry Sheene and Per Eklund.
The third abundance of the Supra landed in August 1985, and confused the car on style-wise. Added ample curve lent the car an elegant, added developed look. The Supra additionally assuredly diverged from its Celica heritage, accepting a belvedere all its own.
Technically, the car had confused on, too. Part-aluminium bifold wishbone abeyance featured on every corner, absorbed to links that filtered accordance entering the interior. Toyota Electronically Modulated Abeyance (TEMS) was accessible on some models, with ABS braking beyond the range.
In 1986, the Supra added addition cord to its bow. A disposable targa top pandered to fresh-air fanciers who appealed for a hair-ruffling adaptation of the Toyota coupé aback it aboriginal appeared. Targa-topped US models acquired the adorable ‘Sport Roof’ moniker.
Dependent on market, six-cylinder engines from 2.0 to 3.0 litres were accessible in the Mk3 Supra. Top of the timberline from 1987 was a 235hp turbo. At continued last, the Supra had the go to bout its show: 0-60mph took 6.4 seconds.
The Supra got alike hotter in 1988. The 270hp Turbo A was congenital to homologate the car for Group A antagonism in calm and European touring car series, as able-bodied as the World Rally Championship. The limited-edition Supra 3.0 GT Turbo A was the period’s fastest Japanese assembly car. Zero to 60mph took aloof 5.0 seconds, and the 3.0 GT Turbo romped to 167mph.
An alternative White Pack fabricated the Supra brighter than the ascent sun, while in 1991 Toyota alone its JZ agent – which would additionally arise in its almsman – into the Supra to actualize a 276hp powerhouse. It bare to move the bold on acknowledgment to the accession of competitors such as the Honda NSX, Mazda RX-7 ‘FD’, and Nissan 300ZX.
Production of the A70 Supra concluded in 1992. The fourth-generation A80 car was apparent at the 1993 Chicago motor show, and was the acme of four years of development. A added glace actualization with an alternative rear addle-brain signalled its achievement potential.
Like the A70, the A80 Supra was bacteria in its architecture – alike the carpeting fibres and rear addle-brain were alveolate to afford weight – but was additionally added able than anytime before. A naturally-aspirated or twin-blower 3.0-litre JZ agent gave amid 220hp and 326hp. The six-speed Turbo gave accurate supercar-bothering performance.
So able was the new Supra, alike rivals such as the Porsche 911 Carrera had problems befitting up. Brits and Europeans were alone offered turbocharged models, and it’s accessible to see why they black their German rival: the criterion 0-60mph dart was accomplished in a baking 4.6 seconds.
With the Mk4, motorsport was already afresh on the agenda. The best aggressive generation, the A80 did stints at Le Mans, Pikes Peak, abundance contest in Switzerland, the US SCCA series, and was a baton in the All-Japan GT Championships from 1995 to 2003. In 2007, a adapted Cool GT car became the aboriginal amalgam to win a motor race: the 500bhp Denso SARD Supra HV-R took achievement in the Tokachi 24-Hour ability event.
Perhaps the fourth-generation Supra’s better affirmation to acclaim was to bury itself in the minds of car enthusiasts via its actualization in countless computer games, including the allegorical Gran Turismo and Need for Speed series. The A80 was additionally a big awning star, featuring in the aboriginal The Fast and the Furious blur of 2001. The ride of Brian O’Conner, played by Paul Walker, the 700hp be-winged orange Supra aggressive a host of copycat cars.
Even admitting UK sales had chock-full in 1996, US drivers could still get their easily on a Supra until 1998. Costly accessible discharge regulations assuredly dead the Supra in 2002, the Japanese bazaar not able to about-face an ever-decreasing anniversary sales tally. The Supra abutting its Celica and MR2 ancestors in Toyota’s sports coupé scrapyard.
However, in 2014, Toyota hinted at a acknowledgment of its icon. Designed by Toyota’s Calty Design Research ability in Newport Beach, California, the FT-1 abstraction debuted at the North American International Auto Actualization in Detroit. In a case of activity assuming art – and with a articulation to the A80 – the FT-1 additionally appeared in Gran Turismo 6 and the basic car was acclimated to angle the abstraction to Toyota admiral Akio Toyoda.
The FT-1 (Future Toyota 1) was said to adviser the ‘most capable, best agitative bearing of cartage the aggregation has anytime produced’. Billed as the ‘ultimate world-class sports car’ and ‘a accurate enthusiast clue car in the iconic birth of 2000 GT and Supra’, the FT-1 aerated up a aberration amid Supra fans.
With glorious-sounding development cars accepting been airtight at that German circuit, the Supra is due for a return. Leaked stats advance six-cylinder ability remains, while the 335hp coupé has been accordingly developed with BMW’s new Z4. The car is accepted to be badged ‘Gazoo’, referencing Toyota’s Gazoo Antagonism arm, but whether the Supra name will break is up for debate. Some sources accompaniment that the GT-1 cast may be used, pointing to Toyota’s 1990s GT-One Le Mans racer.
The fifth-generation of Toyota’s range-topping sports coupé will be apparent as a thinly-veiled ‘modern antagonism concept’ at the 2018 Geneva Motor Show. Toyota has appear a brain-teaser angel advertence it will ‘bring aback its best iconic sports car.’ While it doesn’t absolutely point to a new Supra, the abstraction is angled to examination the accessible 2019 – possibly hybrid-powered – assembly car.
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